# determination of specific gravity

### SECTION IV. SPECIFIC-GRAVITY OF-SOLIDS …

Soils 2-63 FM 5-472/NAVFAC MO 330/AFJMAN 32-1221(I) PURPOSE Perform this test to determine the specific gravity of solids (which will be used to assist in the hydrometer-analysis test) and to ...

### ASTM D854 - 14 Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity ...

Abstract. These test methods cover the determination of the specific gravity of soil solids passing a sieve by means of a water pycnometer. Soil solids for these test methods do not include solids which can be altered by these methods, contaminated with a substance that prohibits the use of these methods, or are highly organic soil solids, such as fibrous matter which floats in water.

### Specific Gravity of Cement - Detailed Explanation – Civilology

Normally our nominal mix design is based on the value of specific gravity of cement as 3.15. The value will change over time if the cement is exposed to various weather conditions. So it is essential to determine the specific gravity of cement before using it.

### Determination of the specific gravity of eggs of equine ...

Flotation solution specific gravity determination. As specific gravity is defined as the density of a sample divided by the density of the same amount of water, 1 mL of distilled water was pipetted using a calibrated p1000 pipette and weighed in a plastic weigh boat to within 0.1 mg accuracy utilizing a scale (Mettler Toledo® MS3001S Precision ...

### Specific Gravity of Soil Test by Pycnometer Method.

Specific Gravity of Soil Definition. The specific gravity of soil is defined as the unit weight of the soil mass divided by the unit weight of distilled water at 4°C. It is some times required to compare the density of the soil solids to the density of water. This comparison is in the form of ratio and is termed as the specific gravity of the ...

### How to Calculate the Specific Gravity of a Substance - dummies

In physics, a substance's specific gravity is the ratio of that substance's density to the density of water at 4 degrees Celsius. Because the density of water at 4 degrees Celsius is 1,000 kg/m3, that ratio is easy to find. For example, the density of gold is 19,300 kg/m3, so its specific gravity is the […]

### EXPERIMENT 4 SPECIFIC GRAVITY DETERMINATION

EXPERIMENT 4 SPECIFIC GRAVITY DETERMINATION Purpose: This lab is performed to determine the specific gravity of soil by using a pycnometer. Specific gravity is the ratio of the mass of unit volume of soil at a stated temperature to the mass of the same volume of gas-free

### Determination of specific gravity of municipal solid waste ...

Water pycnometry was adopted by Hettiarachchi (2005), Entenmann and Wendt (2007), Reddy et al. (2009a, 2011), Breitmeyer (2011), and Wu et al. (2012) to determine speciﬁc gravity of MSW (Table 1). The ASTM standard method for determination of Gs of soils, D854, was used directly in some studies.

### Urine Specific Gravity Test: Overview, Tests, and Procedure

Aug 07, 2018· A urine specific gravity test compares the density of urine to the density of water. This quick test can help determine how efficiently your kidneys are …

### Specific Gravity of soil by Pycnometer method, Abasyn ...

Sep 18, 2017· Asim De Peshawar Silt clay bentonite peat lime Astm The specific gravity of a soil is used in the phase relationship of air, water, and solids in a given volume of the soil. Test Procedure: (1 ...

### Specific Gravity Determination

Specific gravity is commonly used in industry as a simple means of obtaining information about the concentration of solutions of various materials, or of quality control for polymer materials: to evaluate physical changes, or determine the degree of uniformity between samples or lots.

### What is Specific Gravity? - Definition, Formula ...

The specific gravity of an object is the ratio between the density of an object to a reference liquid. Usually, our reference liquid is water, which has a density of 1 g/mL or 1 g/cm^3.

### Specific gravity | physics | Britannica.com

Specific gravity, ratio of the density of a substance to that of a standard substance. The usual standard of comparison for solids and liquids is water at 4 °C (39.2 °F), which has a density of 1.0 kg per litre (62.4 pounds per cubic foot). Gases are commonly compared with dry air, which has a

### How to Determine Specific Gravity | Sciencing

Apr 24, 2017· Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of water at a given pressure and temperature. Specific gravity is typically measured at 4 degrees Celsius (39.2 degrees Fahrenheit), unless otherwise indicated. According to SIMetric, the density of water at 4 degrees Celsius and standard atmospheric pressure is 62.4 pounds per cubic foot.

### Determination of density and specific gravity of foods ...

Aug 13, 2018· S is the specific gravity of the liquid substance. By Specific gravity bottle: Take a clean specific gravity bottle and note down its weight as W1. Fill the same specific gravity bottle with distilled water up to its brim. Put on the lid and wipe the outer surface of the bottle with absorbent paper or tissue paper. Then, weigh it on a weighing ...

### specific gravity: Methods of Determining Specific Gravity ...

The specific gravity of the solid is the ratio of its weight in air to the difference between its weight in air and its weight immersed in water. Two methods are commonly used for determining the specific gravities of liquids. One method uses the hydrometer, an instrument that gives a

### Density, Specific Weight and Specific Gravity

Below on this page: Specific gravity (relative density), Specific gravity for gases, Specific weight, Calculation examples. Se also: Densities for some common materials Water - Density, Specific Weight and Thermal Expantion Coefficient - variation with temperature at 1, …

### What Is Specific Gravity? | Sciencing

Apr 24, 2017· Specific gravity can be used to determine if an object will sink or float on water. The specific gravity of water is equal to one. If an object or liquid has a specific gravity greater than one, it will sink. If the specific gravity of an object or a liquid is less than one, it will float.

### METHODS FOR THE DETERMINATION OF SPECIFIC GRAVITY

METHODS FOR THE DETERMINATION OF SPECIFIC GRAVITY Myles J. McDonough Chandler Engineering Company 2001 N. Indianwood Avenue Broken Arrow, Oklahoma 74012 HISTORY The terms Specific Gravity and Relative Density have been used for a number of years. Yet there seems to be some confusion over what exactly they mean.

### Specific Gravity of Soil By Pycnometer Method-Procedure ...

The Pycnometer is used for determination of specific gravity of soil particles of both fine grained and coarse grained soils. The determinination of specific gravity of soil will help in the calculation of void ratio, degree of saturation and other different soil properties. The major measuring ...

### Determination of specific gravity and kinematic viscosity ...

To determine specific gravity and kinematic viscosity, partial least squares regression was used, which aims at finding a small number of relevant factors that are predictive for Y and uses X efficiently . Minitab Release (version 14 for Windows) and Solo software (version …

### HOW TO DETERMINE SPECIFIC GRAVITY OF SOIL? - CivilBlog.Org

Objective For determination of specific gravity of soil solids by pycnometer method. Equipment & Apparatus Pycnometer Sieve(4.75 mm) Vacuum pump Oven Weighing balance Glass rod Preparation sample After receiving the soil sample it is dried in oven at a temperature of 105 to 1150C for a period of 16 to 24 hours. Procedure Dry the […]

### How to Find and Determine the Specific Gravity of a Rock

In the method we use to How to Find and Determine Specific Gravity of Rocks (some call it Specific Density because they don't know better!), we'll use simple equipment. What is required to make this measurement is a weight scale, and the list of the different minerals SPECIFIC GRAVITIES.

### Determination of Specific Gravity of Soil | Civil ...

Purpose of test. To determine the specific gravity of soil fraction passing 4.75 mm sieve by pycnometer. Use of specific gravity value. The knowledge of specific gravity is needed in calculation of soil properties like void ratio, degree of saturation etc.

### DETERMINATION OF ALCOHOL CONTENT USING SPECIFIC GRAVITY ...

A hydrometer is an instrument used to measure the specific gravity (or relative density) of liquids; that is, the ratio of the density of the liquid to the density of water.. A hydrometer is usually made of glass and consists of a cylindrical stem and a bulb weighted with mercury or lead shot to make it float upright. The liquid to be tested is poured into a tall jar, and the hydrometer is ...

### How to Measure Specific Gravity

The specific gravity, then, may be determined by dividing the weight of a substance in grams by its volume in c.c.; but it is more convenient in practice to determine it by dividing the weight of the substance by the weight of an equal volume of water.

### Quick Test Method for Determining Specific Gravity of ...

Specific gravity (sometimes referred to as Density) is a useful diagnostic attribute when trying to determine the mineral species of an unknown mineral specimen. But textbooks usually describe testing specific gravity using a laboratory balance scale that few of us have in our homes.

### Specific Gravity of Cement - Details & Test Procedure ...

The specific gravity of kerosine is 0.79 g/cc. How to Calculate Cement Specific Gravity? One can easily determine the value of specific gravity of cement using Le Chatelier Flask method. Determination of specific gravity of cement at the site level can be easily done using this is an experiment. Required Materials & Apparatus

### DETERMINATION OF SPECIFIC GRAVITY - IIT Kanpur

DETERMINATION OF SPECIFIC GRAVITY OBJECTIVE Determine the specific gravity of soil fraction passing 4.75 mm I.S sieve by density bottle. NEED AND SCOPE The knowledge of specific gravity is needed in calculation of soil properties like void ratio, degree of saturation etc.

### Relative density - Wikipedia

Relative density, or specific gravity, is the ratio of the density (mass of a unit volume) of a substance to the density of a given reference material. Specific gravity usually means relative density with respect to water. The term "relative density" is often preferred in scientific usage.